A believer may not know why everything is
going wrong, but God is in control and has a reason. At this point the
believer needs to trust God and God’s plan. God is just, gracious, and
compassionate. He will work all things together for good for the believer.
Job’s status, Satan’s accusation, God’s verdict, and the test (Job 1-2).
Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar argue with Job. They say all suffering,
including Job’s, is because of personal sin (Job 3-31).
Elihu speaks to Job. He says that God is definitely greater in all ways
than man. God is right in whatever He does (Job 32-37).
then speaks to Job. Job finally understands that God is indeed just and
infinite. After that God restores Job to temporal prosperity
is well known because he endured so much suffering, suffering that was
undeserved. In fact, he maintained his innocence throughout the incident
was an outstanding believer and citizen of the ancient Middle East. Why
should he suffer so (Job 1:1, 8; 2:3)?
did not personally make Job suffer, but He did give permission to Satan to
cause Job to suffer. It was a test for Job (Job 1:12; 2:6; 19:9).
purpose of Job’s suffering was to demonstrate that Job’s relationship with
God was genuine. Job did not remain faithful to God because of temporal
prosperity; Job trusted God because he knew who God was and what God was
like (Job 1:8-10; 2:3).
During the period of suffering Job challenged God; he accused God of
injustice and silence (Job 33:8-11). He never cursed God as Satan
predicted (Job 1:11; 2:5) and as his wife urged (Job 2:9), though he was
very close to it. He never renounced God, though he wished he had not been
born or else had died at birth, and now wished he would die (Job 3:1-3,
11, 21; 14:13).
had three prominent friends (Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar – who did not act
like friends at this time) who were quite sure that the cause of Job’s
problem was his own sin. They did not help (Job 33:5). They were wrong. At
the end of the ordeal God ordered them to offer sacrifices for themselves
and told Job to mediate for them (Job 42:7-9).
Elihu was a younger man who finally had to speak his mind. The heart of
his message was that God is infinitely greater in all ways than man. He is
right in whatever He does (Job 33:13; 34:10; 35:5-8; 36:24-26; 37:5, 7,
Lord finally spoke to Job (Job 38-41). He asked him a series of questions
which proved that man is so finite and insignificant when compared to God
that he has no right nor cause to reprove God even if he does not
understand why everything has gone wrong (Job 40:1-5; 42:3).
the end Job realized that he did not know everything about what
God was doing with mankind. He retracted his brash statements because he
realized the greatness of God and the finiteness of mankind (Job 42:1-6).
gave Job prosperity after the ordeal and he lived to be an old man (Job
Doctrinal Principles That Job Teaches
Suffering is not evidence of God’s disfavor or that you
sinned. Just because you or someone else
experiences suffering or hard times, it does not mean that you have sinned
or that God is displeased with you or that you are a spiritual failure
(Job 1:12; 2:6; 19:9; 42:7).
Don’t quit! A believer who is
undergoing intense pressure does not need to renounce God and the
Christian life. Job did not. He persevered (Job 1:21-22; 2:10; 6:10; James
It’s okay to ask God why. A
believer may question God in order to gain insight. To ask why is not
wrong. God may answer so that you can better do His will (Job 3:11-12, 16,
Don’t demand that God explain. He
may choose not to answer. If so, He has a reason. To demand that God
explain everything He does is wrong because to do so is an act of unbelief
in the nature of God and the plan of God. It reverses the Creator-creature
positions (Job 13:22; 19:7; 31:15).
Satan wants you to mistrust God.
Satan attacks believers in an attempt to get them to renounce God. Satan
wants believers to get mad at God, to mistrust God, and to reject Him.
Satan claimed that believers trusted the Lord and followed the Lord only
because God prospered them and that they would turn on Him when the
prosperity ceased (Job 1:6-2:10).
Don’t be quick to give advice.
The history of Job demonstrates that well-meaning people are often
self-righteous and wrong about the suffering of another. They often give
wrong advice and make matters worse (Job 42:7-9).
Maintain confidence about death and resurrection.
Even though he was suffering intensely, Job knew that he would see God
after death and that Christ will return and judge (Job 19:25-27).
God may do what he wants. Job
recognized that God had the freedom to do whatever He wanted to do (Job
Surprise! You may wish to die. A
believer can feel so weighed down that he wishes for death (Job 3:1-3, 11,
Don’t criticize God. It is wrong
to criticize, judge, or renounce God. Our view is very limited and our
knowledge, understanding, and insight are limited (Job 40:1-3).
God is compassionate. God was
compassionate to Job and will be to us (James 5:11).
We honor God and show our love for Him.
We honor God when we trust Him during the times that we do not know why
things are going so wrong. Our trust demonstrates to Satan our genuine
love for God; we do not follow Him because He gives us things (Job 1:6-10,
21; 2:1-10; 42:1-6).
Significant Verses in Job
1:8-9 “And the Lord said to
Satan, ‘Have you considered My servant Job? For there is no one like him
on the earth, a blameless and upright man, fearing God and turning away
from evil.’ 9 Then Satan answered the
Lord, ‘Does Job fear God for
1:21-22 “And he said, ‘Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I
shall return there. The Lord
gave and the Lord has taken
away. Blessed be the name of the Lord.’ 22 Through all this Job
did not sin nor did he blame God.”
2:10 “But he said to her, ‘You speak as one of the foolish women speaks.
Shall we indeed accept good from God and not accept adversity?’ In all
this Job did not sin with his lips.”
6:10 “But it is still my consolation, and I rejoice in unsparing pain,
that I have not denied the words of the Holy One.”
19:25-27 “And as for me, I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last He
will take His stand on the earth. 26 Even after my skin is
flayed, yet without my flesh I shall see God; 27 whom I myself
shall behold, and whom my eyes shall see and not another. My heart faints
23:13 “But He is unique and who can turn Him? And what His soul desires,
that He does.”
33:13-14 “Why do you complain against Him, that He does not give an
account of all His doings? 14 Indeed God speaks once, or twice,
yet no one notices it.”
37:13 “Whether for correction or for His world, or for lovingkindness, He
causes it to happen.”
38:2 “Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?”
40:1-2 “Then the Lord said to Job, 2 ‘Will the faultfinder
contend with the Almighty? Let him who reproves God answer it.’”
42:5-6 “I have heard of Thee by the hearing of the ear; but now my eye
sees Thee; 6 therefore I retract, and I repent in dust and