Doctrine of Pneumatology
1. General introduction to Pneumatology.
a. Comments – Introduction
b. Broad outline as projected at this time.
i. The Holy Spirit is a Person.
ii. The Holy Spirit is God (Deity).
iii. Types or Illustrations of the Holy Spirit.
iv. The General Purpose or Place of the Holy Spirit in the Plan of God.
v. The Holy Spirit in creation.
vi. The Holy Spirit in revelation.
vii. The Holy Spirit in inspiration.
viii. The Pre-Church Age Ministry of the Holy Spirit To Man.
ix. The Holy Spirit in Relation to Christ:
4. Ascension and present ministry.
x. The Dispensational Distinction and the Holy Spirit.
xi. The Holy Spirit and Salvation.
1. General work.
2. Doctrines related to salvation.
xii. The Holy Spirit and the believer.
1. Relationship to the doctrines of salvation.
2. Spiritual gifts.
3. Filling/walking by the Holy Spirit.
5. Special ministry for the believer.
6. In relationship to the church.
7. Eschatology regarding the Holy Spirit.
8. Problems/abuses in Pneumatology.
a. Many questions that should be answered.
i. Who is the Holy Spirit?
ii. Why is He important?
iii. What does He do?
iv. What is His relationship to the Father and the Son?
v. Why all the mix up today on the Holy Spirit?
vi. Was He created or existent eternally?
vii. Is He a force or a person?
b. Today many go on tangents in the area of the spiritual life. Related to poor exegesis and improper emphases upon the subjective, relative life experience.
c. Liberals will deny the Holy Spirit is God, whereas many conservative or orthodox so called will abuse His ministry.
d. General outline as viewed at this point. Subject to change as we move through.
3. The Holy Spirit is a Person
a. The name may lend in a sense to some denying that the Holy Spirit is a person. They think spirit and therefore go to a force or impersonal thing. This is wrong.
b. They cannot see the Holy Spirit and therefore say He is not a person. But, we cannot see the Father either.
c. Evidence from the Bible that the Holy Spirit is a person.
i. The Holy Spirit possesses characteristics of a person. He has that which makes a person a person. Energy or an influence do not possess these.
1. The Holy Spirit has intelligence. He thinks, He understands, 1 Corinthians 2:10-11.
2. He is sensitive to moral values, especially sins of the tongue in context, Ephesians 4:30.
3. He possesses will, volition, ability, 1 Corinthians 12:11.
ii. The Holy Spirit acts like a person, not like an influence, power, or idea.
1. He can be lied to, resisted, blasphemed against, Acts 5:3-9; Acts 7:51; Matthew 12:31.
2. He teaches, John 14:26; John 16:13.
3. He guides, speaks, directs, Acts 8:29; Acts 10:19-20; Acts 13:2; Acts 16:6-7; Galatians 5:18; Romans 8:14; 2 Peter 1:20-21.
4. He prays for believers, Romans 8:26-27.
5. He convinces, makes things clear, John 16:8-11.
6. He is called a helper, John 14:16, as is another person, Christ in 1 John 2:1.
iii. The grammar of the Greek New Testament indicates that the Holy Spirit is a person. “Pneuma” is a neuter word. When just grammar is the issue, then neuters are used. When the issue is theological at times there is a switch to the masculine pronouns.
1. John 16:14, “He (Vekeino~) shall glorify me.”
2. Ephesians 1:14 uses the relative Vo~ for a person. This is a textural problem, but Vo~ seems the best.
3. John 15:26 we have both genders used compatible with the nouns in context.
iv. The Holy Spirit is related to other persons as a person. We do not have persons and a thing or force.
1. Acts 15:28 with other people.
2. Matthew 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Peter 1:1-2; Jude 20-21; John 16:14 in which He is related to the Father and the Son as persons.
v. The Holy Spirit is manifested as distinct in visible form from the Father and the Son, yet He is directly connected with overall action. Matthew 3:16-17; Luke 3:21-22.
4. The Holy Spirit is God.
a. Evidence from the Bible that the Holy Spirit is God (Deity).
i. The works which the Holy Spirit does are works which only God can do.
1. He has a part in creation. Genesis 1:2 with the meaning of hovering over like a bird over young. Psalm 104:30.
2. Regeneration. John 3:6; Titus 3:5.
3. Sanctification. 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Peter 1:2.
4. Convincing the world relative to the work of Christ. John 16:8-11.
5. The conception of the humanity of Christ, Luke 1:35.
6. Reveals the mind of God to finite man, 1 Corinthians 2:9-11; 2 Peter 1:20-21; Acts 1:16.
7. Illumination or the understanding of the mind of God which He has revealed to finite man, 1 Corinthians 2:12-16.
ii. The Holy Spirit possesses the essence or attributes of God.
1. Omnipresence, Psalm 139:7-12.
2. Omniscience, 1 Corinthians 2:10-12.
3. Veracity or truthfulness, 1 John 5:7.
4. Love, Romans 5:5 and Galatians 5:22.
iii. The Holy Spirit is a member of the Trinity, Matthew 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Peter 1:2.
iv. The procession of the Holy Spirit. This teaches the relationship of the Holy Spirit to the other members of the Trinity, John 15:26 and Psalm 104:30. Even Romans 8:9 and 1 Corinthians 2:11-12 could be used to show the relationship.
v. The Holy Spirit is identified as God, Acts 28:25-27 with Isaiah 6:1-13; Hebrews 10:15-17 with Jeremiah 31:31-34; 2 Samuel 23:2-3; Acts 5:1-4.
vi. The titles of the Holy Spirit indicate He is God.
1. Spirit of God, Genesis 1:2; Matthew 3:16.
2. Thy Spirit, Psalm 139:7.
3. Spirit of the Lord God, Isaiah 61:1.
4. My Spirit, Genesis 6:3.
5. Spirit of Him, Romans 8:11
6. Spirit of Christ, Romans 8:9
7. Holy Spirit, Psalm 51:11; Matthew 1:20; Luke 11:13; Ephesians 4:30.
8. The Helper, John 14:16, 26; John 15:26; John 16:7.
5. Types or Illustrations of the Holy Spirit which Explain Him, Teach About Him.
a. Clothed with power, Luke 24:49. This is a prediction of the coming of the Holy Spirit in the church age. (Covers prominent part of you; outside or objective power given to you.)
i. Clothing indicates you are ready to do something. It indicates the ability to act. In indicates the identity. You see the clothing, not what is under it. Here the emphasis is upon the complete enablement for the believer provided by the Holy Spirit.
ii. The Dove, Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32. This could speak of three areas.
1. The heavenly origin of the Holy Spirit.
2. Unlimited activity, freedom. The Holy Spirit is God and is Sovereign. He is free to work His will. He is not limited by man.
3. Beauty and gentleness would indicate the expression in life that He gives. This could be easily seen in the Fruit of the Holy Spirit.
iii. The Earnest or down payment, Ephesians 1:14; 2 Corinthians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 5:5. He is the down payment in figurative language.
a. The first installment, deposit, down payment pledge. It pays a part of the purchase price in advance and so secures a legal claim to the article in question or makes a contract valid.
b. If obligates the contracting party to make further payments.
c. Therefore, the Holy Spirit given to man is the down payment on all the future blessings that are ours.
iv. Tongues like fire, Acts 2:3. No real comment on this in the New Testament. In the Old Testament fire indicated the Lord’s presence in Exodus 3:2; His protection in Zechariah 2:5; His guidance in Exodus 13:21. The tongue has to do with communication.
1. Here the figure teaches that the Holy Spirit is associated with communication of God’s message under the guidance of God and presence of God.
v. The Seal, 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 4:30. The Holy Spirit is the seal.
1. A seal indicates safety and security, ownership, authority. It protects.
2. The Holy Spirit protects the believer. He gives safety, security.
vi. Water, John 7:37-39. This verse using this figure speaks of the fact that the Holy Spirit gives us experience in life. He is real; we experience His reality in our walk. It also denotes complete satisfaction and benefit from the Holy Spirit in our lives.
vii. Wind, John 3:8; Acts 2:1-2; 2 Peter 1:21.
1. We note the Holy Spirit is unseen, immaterial, yet He accomplishes very real and evident action.
2. We learn of the might power of the Holy Spirit and the completeness of His dominance over us.
3. We learn of the power and direction over and for man exerted by the Holy Spirit.
6. The general purpose or place of the Holy Spirit in the Plan of God. The Holy Spirit is the personal link between the plan of God and the execution of the plan of God in relation to man. The Holy Spirit sustains, gives ability, enables, empowers, guides, reveals, glorifies, protects, accomplishes. (Tod I changed the wording here. Make sure it is okay.)
a. The sustaining, enabling, guiding to believers whether indwelt or not. Judges 3:10; Judges 14:6; Judges 15:14; Exodus 31:3; Ezra 11:5; John 14:16-17; Galatians 5:18.
b. To reveal God and to glorify God. 1 Peter 1:11; John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:13; 1 Corinthians 2:9-13.
c. To reveal to and to convince the unbeliever. John 16:8-11; Go over exegesis on this passage as appropriate.
7. The Holy Spirit in Creation.
a. All members of the trinity had a part in creation. Do not limit it to just one, such as the Son because of John 1. Says the Son, but does not rule out the Holy Spirit or the Father.
b. In Genesis 1:2 we have the Holy Spirit hovering or brooding over the waters.
i. The verb is xxx in the piel part fs. The only other use is in Deuteronomy 32:11. We have the idea of the Holy Spirit warming, transmitting living qualities to the chaotic creation. Actually here the Holy Spirit is waiting or preparing for the specific acts of creation to come. Not necessarily original creation.
c. In Psalm 104:30. Verses 24-30 have the subject of the Creation and maintenance of the earth by God. Verse 30 shows the Holy Spirit plays a part in this. The implication is that the Holy Spirit is involved in the creation of life.
i. Xxxx in the piel impf 2ms plus in the niphal impf 3mp.
d. In Job 33:4 we have a reference to the work of the Holy Spirit in the making of a man. Probable, though could refer to the breath of God. Also authority question here since it is the view of Elihu.
e. Taken in the tone of scripture the word plural in Genesis 1 would at least indicate that the Holy Spirit is included such as Genesis 1:1.
f. So then we can say that the Holy Spirit functions in creation. Have a number of passages that may indicate the same if they were included, but not clear cut.
8. The Holy Spirit in Revelation.
a. Revelation simply refers to the communication of information from God to man. Generally it is done through creation, through history, through Christ, through the written Word, and through oral or visible means.
i. In the OT the Holy Spirit gave the information at least some of the time.
b. 2 Peter 1:21 gives us the direct statement that the message to prophets came through the Holy Spirit.
i. For know this, that every prophecy of scripture did not happen from or by its own explanation.
1. Vepilusi~ interpretation, explanation, 2 Peter 2:20.
2. Prophecy refers to that foretelling here.
3. They just do not happen and are not isolated by themselves. Taken in the whole context of prophetic material given by God.
ii. “For prophecy was never brought out by the will of man, but men from God spoke when they were carried by the Holy Spirit.”
1. Contrast will of man and carried by the Holy Spirit.
2. The present passive participle of Ferw with Vupo the prepositional phrase stating the agent is the Holy Spirit.
3. The Holy Spirit actually breathes into them or speaks through them.
iii. Reference to Old Testament prophecy.
c. Ezekiel 8:3 the Holy Spirit has a part in revealing through vision to Ezekiel. Note also Ezekiel 11:1 and Ezekiel 11:24.
d. Micah 3:8 where the Holy Spirit is directly related to the ministry of the prophet.
e. The passages which state that the Holy Spirit was the one speaking in the Old Testament tells us that the Holy Spirit revealed information to the Old Testament people. Matthew 22:43-44; Acts 1:16; Acts 4:25; Acts 28:25; Hebrews 3:7; Hebrews 10:15.
f. Methods of Revelation in the Old Testament.
i. The spoken word, Isaiah 6:8-9 with Acts 28:25; Exodus 19:9; 1 Samuel 3:1-4; and the “thus saith the Lord” passages.
ii. Dreams, Genesis 20:3-6; Numbers 12:6; Genesis 15:12.
iii. Visions, Isaiah 1:1; Isaiah 6:1; 1 Kings 22:19.
g. In the New Testament the Holy Spirit clearly revealed divine truth to man as did the Lord Jesus Christ.
i. 1 Corinthians 2:9-14.
ii. John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:13.
iii. Acts 7:54-60.
iv. Galatians 1:16-17.
9. The Holy Spirit and Inspiration.
a. Inspiration deals with the recording of revelation. Many of the same passages apply. The ministry of the Holy Spirit in inspiration is also indicated in Acts 1:16; Acts 4:24-25; Matthew 22:42-44; Mark 12:36 both with Psalm 110; the analogy of 2 Peter 1:20-21; and 2 Timothy 3:16-17.
10. The Pre-church Age Ministry of the Holy Spirit to Man.
a. The Holy Spirit did indwell and live with certain believers in the Old Testament. 1 Peter 1:11; Numbers 27:18; John 14:17.
b. The Holy Spirit is seen to come upon certain individuals and then apparently leaves. Judges 3:10; 1 Samuel 10:9-11; Judges 14:6; Judges 15:14; Judges 16:20; Psalm 51:11.
c. The Ministry of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament was for the accomplishment of a service or job. Exodus 31:3; 1 Samuel 16:13; Judges 14:6; Judges 6:34; Judges 3:10.
d. The ministry of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament was different from that in the church age. John 14:17; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 1 Corinthians 6:19; Ephesians 5:18.
e. The Old Testament ministry of the Holy Spirit was selective, temporary, and for specific functions. See passages above.
11. The Holy Spirit in Relation to Christ.
a. The birth of Christ.
i. The Lord Jesus Christ was born through the virgin. In this the Holy Spirit was the agent of conception. Matthew 1:18-21; Luke 1:35.
ii. Mary was the mother; hence He was born through normal humanity. Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:18-21; Luke 1:26-38; Acts 1:14.
iii. The statement is then conceived by the Holy Spirit, born through the woman.
iv. Here the place to work on the nature of the conception – transducian or creation or both? Imputed sin, etc?
v. See the Doctrine of the Virgin Birth.
b. The Life of Christ in General.
i. Christ was filled with the Holy Spirit during His life on earth. Isaiah 11:2-3; Isaiah 42:1-4; Isaiah 61:1-2; John 3:34; Luke 4:1.
1. This filling would at least be from the point of physical birth since this was true of His forerunner, John the Baptist, Luke 1:15.
ii. The ministry of the Holy Spirit enables Christ in His Person to teach, service, rule, lead, evangelize, and mature in the highest manner. John 3:34.
c. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Baptism of Christ.
i. The Holy Spirit descending at the baptism serves to identify Christ with His earthly ministry as the Son of God. From this point His ministry opens up to man. Therefore, this act identifies Christ with the purpose of God and the power of God. Matthew 3:13-17; John 1:29-34.
d. The Holy Spirit and the speaking ministry of Christ are specifically related in Matthew 1:18-21 which quotes Isaiah 42:1-2.
e. The Holy Spirit is related to the performance of miracles by Christ. Matthew 12:22-28.
f. The Holy Spirit and the work of Christ on the cross.
i. By implication from the ministry of the Holy Spirit during the birth and life of Christ it seems apparent that the Holy Spirit aided Him in His objective of the cross.
ii. Hebrews 9:14. This admittedly difficult verse seems to best refer to the Holy Spirit and therefore the Holy Spirit has a part in Christ going to the cross.
g. The ascension and present ministry of Christ are related to the Holy Spirit in that He sent the Holy Spirit in His place. The Holy Spirit is the comforter, the teacher, the revealer, the enabler. All this has occurred since and because Christ ascended to the Father. John 14:16, 26; John 15:26; John 16:7-15.
i. One specialized ministry related to the Holy Spirit and Christ at the right hand of the Father is the baptism of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the immediate agent in joining the believer to Christ’s body the church, of which Christ is the Head. 1 Corinthians 12:13 with Ephesians 1:22-23.
ii. Another is the glorification of the risen Christ in John 16:13-14.
iii. Another is putting into operation the actual individual giving of gifts to believers. Ephesians 4:7-8 with 1 Corinthians 12:4-11.
12. Dispensational Distinctions and the Holy Spirit.
a. Much has been covered under point 10, the pre-church age ministry of the Holy Spirit.
b. In the dispensation of the Gentiles we have limited reference to the ministry of the Holy Spirit. The only passage which pertains is Genesis 6:3, “my spirit will not strive, contend, execute judgment with or on man forever.”
i. Verb is zyd in qal imperfect. But textural problem. Means to judge, plead the cause, execute judgment, govern. Here probably means to act as judge and therefore plead and cause and judge. God will finally give up on man.
ii. So in the first dispensation the Holy Spirit acted as judge for man, keeping man from destroying himself, judging man, and probably this included evangelistic effort.
c. In the dispensation of the Jews the ministry of the Holy Spirit was selective, could be temporary, was for specific functions, was an indwelling, at times was simply close proximity, and could be asked for. Judges 3:10; Judges 6:34; Judges 14:6; Judges 15:14; Judges 16:20; 1 Samuel 10:9-11; 1 Samuel 16:13; Psalm 51:11; Exodus 31:3; John 14:17; 1 Peter 1:11; Luke 11:13.
d. The tribulation is actually a part of the dispensation of Israel and as such we must assume that the ministry of the Holy Spirit is the same. The tribulation is a part of the 70th week of Daniel, Daniel 9:24-27.
e. In the church age the Holy Spirit has many distinctions.
i. Universal Baptism with the Holy Spirit, 1 Corinthians 12:13.
ii. Universal Indwelling of the Holy Spirit, 1 Corinthians 6:19.
iii. Universal Sealing of the Holy Spirit, Ephesians 1:13; 2 Corinthians 1:22.
iv. The command for continual Filling with the Holy Spirit, Ephesians 5:18.
v. The Giving of Spiritual Gifts to every believer, 1 Peter 4:10; 1 Corinthians 12:7.
vi. The Convicting Ministry of the Holy Spirit is expanded, John 16:7-11.
vii. The Teaching Ministry of the Holy Spirit, 1 Corinthians 2:12-16; John 16:3; John 14:26.
viii. Guidance for all believers by the Holy Spirit, Romans 8:14; Galatians 5:16-18.
ix. The Fruit of the Holy Spirit possible for all believers, Galatians 5:22-23.
x. The Prayer Ministry of the Holy Spirit for the church age believer, Romans 8:26-27.
xi. Principle of Holy Spirit of life, Romans 8:1-8.
f. In the Millennium or dispensation of Christ the ministry of the Holy Spirit expands from that which was in the age of Israel and even in the church age.
i. All Israel will be indwelt, Ezekiel 36:25-31.
ii. The rule of Christ will be characterized by the ministry of the Holy Spirit, Isaiah 11:2.
iii. There will be supernatural manifestation of the ministry of the Holy Spirit as prophecy, dreams, visions, Joel 2:28-29.
iv. We can assume that Gentile believers are also indwelt by the Holy Spirit. Compare Joel 2:28-29 and Zechariah 14:6.
13. The Holy Spirit and Eternal Salvation.
a. General work. The general work of the Holy Spirit in salvation is that of imparting spiritual life to man. We think of this under the Doctrine of Regeneration. See Doctrine.
i. In speaking of this we must isolate regeneration and make it general for all dispensations. It answers to the question of how does man pass from spiritual death to spiritual life, from position in the fall and its results to position in the kingdom of God and its results.
ii. The doctrine is specifically taught in John 3:3-8. This passage is actually in the dispensation of Israel, but the manner of presentation indicates that it is a general truth and will hold for the church also.
iii. Titus 3:5 is a church age passage covering regeneration. In this the Holy Spirit plays a part of giving man spiritual life.
iv. John 1:13 is another passage speaking of regeneration, but not specifying the specific agent unless here it refers to the Father.
b. Doctrines related to salvation. For these we are limited to the church age material. We do not have specific information for the other dispensations which can be precisely tied to salvation.
i. Doctrine of Regeneration.
ii. Doctrine of Baptism with the Holy Spirit.
iii. Doctrine of Sealing with the Holy Spirit.
iv. Doctrine of Indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
14. The Holy Spirit and the Church Age Believer.
a. Relationship to the doctrines of salvation. The doctrines that relate to the ministry of the Holy Spirit at salvation have an effect down through the Christian life. Obviously regeneration has results.
i. The baptism of the Holy Spirit prepares you for life.
ii. The indwelling of the Holy Spirit provides the basis for function and filling.
iii. The sealing gives security, confidence, and a locked in place in the plan of God in time and eternity.
b. Spiritual Gifts. See Doctrine of Spiritual Gifts.
i. Begin with exegesis of 1 Corinthians 12.