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Doctrine of Pneumatology - Pastor Jeremy Thomas

Pneumatology - the study of the person and work of the Holy Spirit.

  1. His Person
    1. Denial of the Person of the Holy Spirit
      1. They Claim the Holy Spirit is a Personification of God - this means that He is a Personification of certain attributes of God, such as power or force or mind. They are typically unitarian, but sometimes binitarian.
      2. The Holy Spirit is a Force of God - this means He is a force or influence of God. They are typically unitarian, but sometimes binitarian.
    2. Affirmation of the Person of the Holy Spirit
      1. He is referred to as πνευμα in the neuter gender, but in the same contexts is referred to by masculine nouns or pronouns.
        1. John 15:26 - “When the Helper (masculine) comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit (neuter) of truth who proceeds from the Father, He (masculine) will testify about Me…
        2. John 16:13 - “But when He (masculine), the Spirit (neuter) of truth, comes, He (masculine) will guide you into all the truth; for He (masculine) will not speak on His (masculine) own initiative, but whatever He (masculine) hears, He (masculine) will speak; and He (masculine) will disclose to you what is to come.
        3. John 16:14, “He (masculine) will glorify Me, for He (masculine) will take of Mine and will disclose it to you.”
        4. 2 Thess 2:6, “And you know what (neuter) restrains him now, so that in his (masculine) time he (masculine) will be revealed.” In this verse my understanding is that the restrainer must be the Holy Spirit because only the Holy Spirit is strong enough to restrain the rise of the anti-Christ.
      2. He is viewed as a person
        1. He can be blasphemed (Matt 12:31-32)
        2. He can be lied to (Acts 5:3)
        3. He can be tested (Acts 5:9)
        4. He is a witness (Acts 5:32)
        5. He can be resisted (Acts 7:51)
        6. He can speak (Acts 8:29; 10:19; 11:12; 13:2; 20:23; 21:4, 11; 28:25)
        7. He can comfort (Acts 9:31)
        8. He forbade people from doing things (Acts 16:6, 7)
        9. He makes overseers (Acts 20:28) - τιθημι - bring about an arrangement, appoint
        10.  He teaches (1 Cor 2:13) - διδακτος - in the senes of impart by means of the Spirit, a reference to the Scriptures themselves, not as in the idea of illumination, which can be confused by many with inspiration.
    3. The Holy Spirit is a Member of the Trinity
      1. He has the attributes of God
        1. Omniscience - He searches the depths of God, βαθος, things only God can know. He is, therefore, God (1 Cor 2:10-12)
        2. Omnipresence - we cannot flee from His Spirit. There is no where we can go that He is not there (Ps 139:7-11).
        3. Omnipotence - to cast out a demon one must be more powerful than a demon. The Holy Spirit is the means Jesus used to cast demons out. He is, therefore, omnipotent (Job 33:4 - connected with El Shaddai; Matt 12:28). He also caused the virgin birth, an act of creation demonstrating omnipotence (Luke 1:35; Matt 1:18, 20).
        4. Holy - His most common name is the Holy Spirit. This describes either His nature or His work of setting apart (Rom 1:4)
        5. Eternal - He is referred to as the Eternal Spirit (Heb 9:14)
        6. Truth - the Spirit is referred to as “the Spirit of truth” (John 14:17; 15:26) just as Jesus is referred to as “the truth” (John 14:6)
        7. Life - the Spirit is referred to as the Spirit of life (Rom 8:2), just as the Father and the Son have life in themselves, so the Holy Spirit has life in Himself.
      2. He is associated with the other persons of the Trinity
        1. Grace to you and peace from the Father, Spirit and Jesus Christ (Rev 1:4-5)
        2. Baptize in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Matt 28:19; Acts 8:16)
        3. He who searches the hearts knows the mind of the Spirit (Rom 8:26-29)
        4. Paul was a minister of Christ Jesus ministering the gospel of God so that his offering would be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit (Rom 15:16)
        5. Paul urged by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together in prayer to God (Rom 15:30)
        6. Paul determined to know nothing but Jesus Christ, demonstrated by the Spirit and of power, that faith not rest on wisdom of men, but on power of God (1 Cor 2:2-5)
        7. You were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God (1 Cor 6:11)
        8. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all. (2 Cor 13:14)
        9. Christ is our peace, through Him we have access in one Spirit to the Father (Eph 2:13-14, 18).
      3. Spirit for YHWH substitutions (Acts 28:25-27 and Isa 6:8-10; Heb 10:15-17 and Jer 31:31-34)
      4. His Titles
        1. Spirit of God - shows His relationship to the Father (Matt 3:16; 12:28; Rom 8:9, 14; 1 Cor 2:11; 3:16; 7:40; 12:3; Eph 4:30; Phil 3:3; 1 John 4:2; ). If the text wanted to simply say God, it would have said God or Father. The genitive “of God” probably refers to the procession of the Spirit from the Father (John 14:26). God sends the Spirit.
        2. Spirit of Christ - shows His relationship to the Son (Rom 8:9; 1 Pet 1:11). If the text wanted to refer to the Son, it would have said Christ or Son. The genitive “of Christ” probably refers to the procession of the Spirit from Christ (John 15:26).
        3. Spirit of Jesus - shows His relationship to Jesus. If the text wanted to refer to Jesus, it would have said Jesus (Acts 16:6, 7). The genitive “of Jesus” probably refers to the procession of the Spirit from Jesus (John 15:26).
  2. His Work
    1. In the OT
      1. Creation (Gen 1:2; cf Deut 32:11; Job 27:3; of man 33:4)
      2. Inspiration - men borne along by the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 2:20-21); all Scripture is God-breathed (2 Tim 3:16-17), a reference particularly to the OT Scripture (cf 3:14-15; 2 Sam 23:2; Mic 3:8; Acts 1:16-17; 4:25; Heb 3:7-11; 10:15-16)
      3. Regeneration of men (John 3:3, 5)
      4. Abiding with them, not in them (John 14:17; 15:26; 16:7-8, 13). Later He would be in them (14:17), showing a difference in the Spirit’s ministry in Israel and the Church.
      5. He filled some for skilled workmanship (Bezalel (Exod 31:2-3; 35:31); Joseph (Gen 41:38); Joshua (Num 27:18); Daniel (Dan 4:8; 5:11-14; 6:3)).
      6. He came upon some to prophesy (Num 24:2; Judg 3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 1 Sam 10:10; 16:13; 2 Chron 15:1)
      7. He indwelled prophets and kings (Samuel the prophet 1 Sam 10:10; Saul the king 1 Sam 11:6; David the king 1 Sam 16:13; Departed from Saul 1 Sam 16:14; prophets 1 Sam 19:20; Saul as prophet 1 Sam 19:23)
    2. In the NT
      1. In Messiah’s Ministry
        1. Came upon Mary to generate a sinless humanity at the virgin conception (Luke 1:35)
        2. Anointed Jesus from His baptism by John, empowering Him for His ministry (Matt 3:16; Acts 10:38)
        3. Empowered Jesus to cast out demons (Matt 12:28)
        4. Was sent by the Father and the Son (filioque) on the day of Pentecost (John 14:26; 15:26; Acts 1:8; 2:1ff)
      2. Regeneration - παλινγεννησια to give new life, rebirth (Titus 3:5); ζωοποιεω make alive, give life (2 Cor 3:6); ανωθεν again, anew (from above, John 3:3); circumcision of heart (Rom 2:29); - accomplished through the word (1 Pet 1:23), making the human spirit alive so that it is no longer separated from God but in relationship with God. Gives us a new nature or disposition that wants to please God (Rom 7:15, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25). This new nature is the inner man (Rom 7:22). It is a law (standard) that is located in the mind (Rom 7:23) that we want to achieve, but only if we live by the Spirit can this law be satisfied (Rom 8:13-14).
      3. Indwelling - taking up residence within the Church age believer, live, dwell, (John 14:16-17; Rom 8:9, 11; 1 Cor 3:16; 6:19; Gal 3:2, 14 received at faith; 4:6)
      4. Baptism - plunge, dip so as to identify. The Spirit’s baptism is a dry baptism. It places us into the one body, which is the Church, by identifying us with Christ in His death, burial and resurrection so that we can live a new life by the Spirit (1 Cor 12:13; Rom 6:3-4; Matt 3:11; Mk 1:8; Acts 1:8; Acts 11:15)
      5. Sealing - seal as a security measure in Christ until the day of delivery (Eph 1:13-14; 4:3; 2 Cor 1:22). Gives eternal security. Signifies ownership.
      6. Spiritual gifts - grace gifts imparted by the Spirit to the church at His discretion at the moment of regeneration in varying degrees (1 Cor 12:4-11). Every believer is given at least one and possibly more than one gift (1 Pt 4:10). Some gifts were temporary and others permanent, some instantaneously active and others require development for skillful use, but all should be used in love (1 Cor 13).
        1. Temporary
          1. Foundational Gifts - given to the church in its infancy for the purpose of inscripturating the NT writings necessary for foundational growth.
            1. Apostles (Eph 2:20; Eph 4:11) - one sent on behalf of another in the authority of another.
            2. Prophets (Eph 2:20; Eph 4:11) - mouthpiece of God.
            3. Word of Wisdom (1 Cor 12:8)
            4. Word of Knowledge (1 Cor 12:8)
          2. Sign Gifts - given to the church in its infancy for the purpose of authenticating the message and messenger as from God.
            1. Miracles - ability to perform signs (Heb 2:4)
            2. Healing - ability to perform signs in the arena of physical health. The ability to instantaneously heal a person by a word or the casting of a shadow (Heb 2:4). God can still heal today, but He does not do so through those with a gift of healing as He did in the 1st century.
            3. Tongues - the ability to speak in a foreign language without study
              1. Acts 2, probably Acts 8, and Acts 10, showing that Jews, Samaritans and Gentiles all entered the same body.
              2. Will cease of themselves (1 Cor 13:8)
              3. Were of particular interest to the Corinthians who thought they made them spiritual (1 Cor 13:1), but Paul says all gifts, ministries and results are from God (12:4ff) and ranks them lower than other more important gifts (12:28-31) and put limits on the use of the gift (14:27ff).
              4. Specifically a sign for unbelieving Jews (1 Cor 14:21-22). The purpose of the sign was to warn that generation of Israel of the coming judgment on Jerusalem. The judgment took place in AD70, therefore, it is logical that once the purpose of the sign was fulfilled, the gift would no longer be given.
              5. Tongues today are usually repeated verbal sounds from within a person’s known language groups or demonically inspired. Much study has gone in to tongues speaking by professional linguists. There is no evidence they are speaking a language. Therefore, those who insist they continue claim that they are angel languages. However, every time an angel speaks in Scripture it is a human language and there is no indication in Scripture that tongues speaking was in angel languages. The languages spoken were always human languages already known.
            4. Word of knowledge
            5. Distinguishing of spirits - ability to distinguish between the Spirit of God and other spirits
            6. Faith - unusual ability to trust without the completed NT Scriptures
        2. Permanent
          1. Building Gifts
            1. Equipping Gifts - given for the equipping of others
            2. Pastor-Teacher (Eph 4:11) - all pastors are teachers but not all teachers are pastors.
            3. Teacher (Rom 12)
          2. Body Gifts - given to enable the body to function as a loving community
            1. Servant (Rom 12)
            2. Exhorter (Rom 12)
            3. Giver (Rom 12)
            4. Leader (Rom 12)
            5. Mercy (Rom 12)
            6. Evangelist (Eph 4:11)
            7. Helps (Rom 12)
            8. Administration
      7. Produces fruit - the fruit is singular, so these are all manifest as we walk by, are led by, are filled by the Spirit.
        1. Love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, faithfulness, gentleness, self control (Gal 5:22-23)
      8. Prays for us (Rom 8:26)
      9. Testifies with our spirit (Rom 8:16; 9:1)
      10. Puts to death deeds of body (Rom 8:13)
      11. Gives a foretaste of things of the kingdom (Rom 14:17)
      12. Gives us a higher quality of eternal life (enjoyment of our eternal life; Gal 6:8)
  3. Our Responsibilities Relative to the Spirit
    1. To walk by the Spirit (Rom 8:4; Gal 5:16) - περιπατεω - active voice, imperative; conduct oneself, behave in a manner, live. “Let us also walk by the Spirit” in Gal 5:25 is a different word altogether, it is from στοιχεω and means “to be in line with a person or thing considered as a standard for one’s conduct, hold to, agree with, follow, conform. Probably follow or conform is best in this context.
    2. To be led by the Spirit (Rom 8:14; Gal 5:18) - αγω - present tense, passive voice; being led by. Lead, encourage (in the direction of, cf Luke 4:1)
    3. To live by the Spirit (Rom 5:5; Gal 5:25) - this is our position. We have spiritual life by the Spirit.
    4. To be filled by means of the Spirit - be under the control of the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18)
    5. To set our mind on things of the Spirit - these things are the Scripture (Rom 8:5, 6)
    6. To not grieve the Spirit - it vexes the Spirit of God who sealed us for the day of redemption when we are bitter, wrathful and anger and clamor and slander and malicious toward others (Eph 4:30; Acts 7:51)
    7. To not quench the Spirit - do not put out the flame, extinguish (1 Thess 5:19). As such, the believer can resist the work of the Holy Spirit in his life.

Last Update

Monday, January 6, 2020