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Ezekiel

Ezekiel

Judgment Now, Promised Kingdom Later

Sunday, February, 2006

 

Theme 

  • Now God judges Israel; later, He will establish her promised kingdom

Key Verses

  • Ezekiel 36:24-26 and Ezekiel 36:33-35
    • Ezekiel 36:24 “For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 “Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.
    • Ezekiel 36:33 ‘Thus says the Lord God, “On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt. 34 “The desolate land will be cultivated instead of being a desolation in the sight of everyone who passes by. 35 “They will say, ‘This desolate land has become like the garden of Eden; and the waste, desolate and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited.’

 History Overview

  • General
    • The history is the same as for Jeremiah and Lamentation.
    • Judah has rebelled against the Lord and against Nebuchadnezzar.
    • Nebuchadnezzar defeated Jerusalem (Jehoiakim) in 605 BC. At that time he took Daniel and his friends and other hostages to Babylon.
    • In 597 BC, because of Judah’s rebellion (Jehoiakim and Jehoiachin) Nebechadnezzar took 10,000 more hostages, including Jehoiachin, Ezekiel to Babylon.
    • Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem and burned the temple in the summer of 586 BC.
  • Chronology of the kings
    • Josiah 640-609 BC. Reforming king. Killed by Pharoah Necho.
    • Jehoahaz 3 months in 609 BC. Pharoah Neco replaced him. Died in Egypt.
    • Jehoiakim (Eliakim) 609-598 BC. Destroyed Jeremiah’s prophecy; rebelled.
    • Jehoiachin December 598-March 597 BC. Taken captive to Babylon with Ezekiel and 10,000.
    • Zedekiah (Mattaniah) 597-586 BC. Revolted; City and temple destroyed; Taken to Riblah; Sons killed; he was blinded and taken to Babylon.
    • Gedaliah 2 months in 586 BC. Assassinated by Ishmael.
  • Dated prophecies
    • 1:2. July-August 593 BC, Vision
    • 8:1. August-September 592 BC, Abominations
    • 20:1. July-August 591 BC, Panorama
    • 24:1. December-January 589-588 BC, Cooking Pot
    • 29:1. December-January 588-587 BC, Egypt
    • 26:1. 587 BC, Tyre, Sidon
    • 30:20. March-April 587 BC, Egypt’s defeat
    • 31:1. May-June 587 BC, Egypt, like Assyria, falls
    • 33:21. December-January 586-585 BC, Restoration
    • 32:1. February-March 585 BC. Lament for Pharoah
    • 32:17. February-March 585 BC. Egypt also falls
    • 40:1. March-April 573 BC. Restored Theocracy
    • 29:17. March-April 571 BC. Nebuchadnezzar is God’s instrument against Egypt.

Author

  • The book names Ezekiel as the author in 1:1-3 with chapters 2 and 3,  and 24:15-27 (especially 24:15, 16, 24, 25).
  • The author writes in the first person singular (I, me, my) very frequently (1:4, 15, 24; 2:1, 2, 9, 10; 3:2, 3, 12; 6:1) and the author is also called the son of man in many of these contexts (2:1; 3:1, 6:1-2; 7:1-2, and others.
  • The language and unity of thought supports one author.
  • Ezekiel was a priest who was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar in 597 BC because of the rebellion of Jehoichin. This was the 8th year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign.
  • He was probably born in 627 BC (Ezekiel 1:1) and was about the same age as Daniel, who was in Babylon at this time (Ezekiel 3:11).
  • He began receiving visions from the Lord in 593 BC (Ezekiel 1:1-3). This ministry continued until at least 571 BC (Ezekiel 29:17).
  • Ezekiel was married. His wife died in Babylon as a sign to Ezekiel and the Jews (Ezekiel 24:16-18).
  • Daniel, Habakkuk, and Jeremiah were his contemporaries.
  • In general, Ezekiel gives messages of warning and judgment in chapters 1-32 and then messages about restoration in 33-48. Note in association with this that God’s glory leaves Solomon’s temple in 9-11 and then returns to the millennial temple in chapter 43.

Overview Outline

  • Preparation of Ezekiel, 1-3
  • Judgment of Judah, 4-24
  • Judgment of Nations, 25-32
  • Prophesies of Future Kingdom, 33-39
  • Future Kingdom temple, priesthood, sacrifices, and land, 40-48

Chapter Titles 1

  • Chapter 1.Vision: Living Creatures
  • Chapter 2-3.Preparation of Ezekiel
  • Chapter 4.Brick, Side
  • Chapter 5.Razor, Hair
  • Chapter 6.Idolatry Judged
  • Chapter 7.Sword, Famine, Plague
  • Chapter 8.Abominations in Temple
  • Chapter 9.Executioners
  • Chapter 10.Vision: Glory Moving
  • Chapter 11.Vision: Glory Departs
  • Chapter 12.Baggage, Bread, Proverb
  • Chapter 13.Foolish Prophets
  • Chapter 14.Self-Responsibility
  • Chapter 15.Vine Wood
  • Chapter 16.Prostitute Queen
  • Chapter 17.Eagles, Cedar
  • Chapter 18.Repentance Desired
  • Chapter 19.Lamentation on Kings
  • Chapter 20.Panorama
  • Chapter 21.Yahweh’s Sword
  • Chapter 22.Blood, Dross
  • Chapter 23.Two Sisters
  • Chapter 24.Cooking Pot
  • Chapter 25.Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia
  • Chapter 26-28.Tyre, Sidon
  • Chapter 29-32. Egypt
  • Chapter 33.Watchman Dwellers
  • Chapter 34.Shepherds
  • Chapter 35.Mt. Seir
  • Chapter 36.Restoration, Regeneration
  • Chapter 37.Bones, Sticks
  • Chapter 38-39.Gog invasion
  • Chapter 40-42.Temple Detail
  • Chapter 43.Vision: Glory Returns
  • Chapter 44.Zadok Priesthood
  • Chapter 45.Priestly Land, Offerings
  • Chapter 46.Offerings
  • Chapter 47-48.Land Divided